Before we get to the Craftsman era, lets take a look at the transitional type that helped us get there, a little architectural side street called, the American Foursquare. Borrowing the built-ins of what was to come and cribbing some of exterior flourishes of the past, this sturdy house type helped us move into what is seen and explored below.
One of the most beloved styles of American homes grew out of what's known as the Arts and Craft Movement of the early 20th century. Lasting from 1905-1930, the roots of the movement stretch back to England with a slight detour towards Japan and then a gradual flowering in California as seen in the explosion of homes that fall into the category called "bungalows." Even though Craftsman design is rooted in the past, people are still building them as seen here.
When modern lifestyles come to reside in the house styles of years gone by issues arise. Back in the day, closets were smaller, floor plans were not so open and kitchens were used primarily for cooking. Times have changes so architects and design-build firms are tasked with adapting our homes of yesterday to the way we live today. Here's a recent example.
The movement was seen as a rejection of the machine age and pointed towards a desire for a return to hand-made buildings and objects. Natural materials were employed with a strong dose of aesthetics. The movement wielded a strong influence over architecture, furnishings, and the fine arts that can still be felt today.
Frank Lloyd Wright, generally regarded as our most visionary architect was deeply affected by Arts and Craft. Wright's influence is all over the house seen above. Check out the shallow pitched roof and the dedication to natural materials on the interior. On top of all that it's also a green, LEED certified home. Take a gander.
From the late 1800's until now the Arts and Crafts movement remains one of our favorite influences on architecture and interior design. People seem to love the feelings of nostalgia that this house style evokes - to a certain extent. Many modern lifestyles can't be contained within the confines of small closets, tiny kitchens and old fashioned bathrooms. Hence, the modifications come into play. Here's a look at how the interior of a Craftsmen can be updated through opening up the floor plan.
People love the Craftsmen style so much, some find a way to fold the look into other house styles. Here's a piece about fashioning a bungalow from what used to be a Cape Cod. Apparently there just isn't enough bungalows in the right neighborhoods to go around, so people are creating house style hybrids.
But wait. There's more. How about a Dutch Colonial that takes it's interior design cues from guess where? The Arts and Craft movement. There's just no end to the amount of love showered upon the humble craftsman architecture and the humble bungalow.
For more beloved house types that are not about craftsman architecture.
The word bungalow comes to us courtesy of India where people live in "banglas," low slung, thatch-roofed houses ringed by porches. Charles Sumner Greene and Henry Mather Greene are generally regarded as the brother kings of the bungalow. They studied architecture at MIT, traveled to England during the Arts and Crafts Movement and set up shop in Pasadena. They not only designed homes but also the fixtures that went in them.